Xylocaine (lidocaine HCl) Injections are sterile, nonpyrogenic, aqueous solutions
that contain a local anesthetic agent with or without epinephrine and are administered
parenterally by injection.
See INDICATIONS for specific uses.
Xylocaine solutions contain lidocaine HCl, which is chemically designated as
acetamide, 2-(diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-, monohydrochloride and has
the molecular wt. 270.8.
Lidocaine HCl (C14H22N2O•HCl) has the
following structural formula:
Epinephrine is (-) -3, 4-Dihydroxy-α-[(methylamino) methyl] benzyl alcohol
and has the molecular wt. 183.21. Epinephrine (C9H13NO3)
has the following structural formula:
Dosage forms listed as Xylocaine (lidocaine) -MPF indicate single dose solutions that
are Methyl Paraben Free (MPF).
Xylocaine (lidocaine) MPF is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, isotonic solution containing sodium chloride. Xylocaine (lidocaine) in multiple dose vials: Each mL also contains 1 mg methylparaben
as antiseptic preservative. The pH of these solutions is adjusted to approximately
6.5 (5.0–7.0) with sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid.
Xylocaine (lidocaine) MPF with Epinephrine is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, isotonic solution
containing sodium chloride. Each mL contains lidocaine hydrochloride and epinephrine,
with 0.5 mg sodium metabisulfite as an antioxidant and 0.2 mg citric acid as
a stabilizer. Xylocaine (lidocaine) with Epinephrine in multiple dose vials: Each mL also
contains 1 mg methylparaben as antiseptic preservative. The pH of these solutions
is adjusted to approximately 4.5 (3.3–5.5) with sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric
acid. Filled under nitrogen.
What are the possible side effects of lidocaine injection (Anestacaine, UAD Caine, Xylocaine HCl, Xylocaine-MPF)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Tell your caregivers at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
- feeling anxious, shaky, dizzy, restless, or depressed;
- drowsiness, vomiting, ringing in your ears, blurred vision;
- confusion, twitching, seizure (convulsions);
- fast heart rate, rapid breathing, feeling hot or cold;
- weak or shallow breathing, slow heart...
Read All Potential Side Effects and See Pictures of Xylocaine »
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/10/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.