PLASMA-LYTE A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP)
is a sterile, nonpyrogenic isotonic solution in a single dose container for
intravenous administration. Each 100 mL contains 526 mg of Sodium Chloride,
USP (NaCl); 502 mg of Sodium Gluconate (C6H11NaO7);
368 mg of Sodium Acetate Trihydrate, USP (C2H3NaO2•3H2O);
37 mg of Potassium Chloride, USP (KCl); and 30 mg of Magnesium Chloride, USP
(MgCl2•6H2O). It contains no antimicrobial agents. The
pH is adjusted with sodium hydroxide. The pH is 7.4 (6.5 to 8.0).
PLASMA-LYTE A Injection pH 7.4 (Multiple Electrolytes Injection, Type 1, USP) administered intravenously has value as a sousrce of water, electrolytes, and calories. One liter has an ionic concentration of 140 mEq sodium, 5 mEq potassium, 3 mEq magnesium, 98 mEq chloride, 27 mEq acetate, and 23 mEq gluconate. The osmolarity is 294 mOsmol/L (calc). Normal physiologic osmolarity range is 280 to 310 mOsmol/L. Administration of substantially hypertonic solutions may cause vein damage. The caloric content is 21 lcal/L.
The flexible container is made with non-latex plastic materials specially designed for a wide range of parenteral drugs including those requiring delivery in containers made of polyolefins or polypropylene. For example, the AVIVA container system is compatible with and appropriate for use in the admixture and administration of paclitaxel. In addition, the AVIVA container system is compatible with and appropriate for use in the admixture and administration of all drugs deemed compatible with existing polyvinyl chloride container systems. The solution contact materials do not contain PVC, DEHP, or other plasticizers.
The suitability of the container materials has been established through biological evaluations, which have shown the container passes Class VI U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP) testing for plastic containers. These tests confirm the biological safety of the container system.
The flexible container is a closed system, and air is prefilled in the container to facilitate drainage. The container does not require entry of external air during administration.
The container has two ports: one is the administration outlet port for attachment
of an intravenous administration set and the other port has a medication site
for addition of supplemental medication (See Directions
for Use). The primary function of the overwrap is to protect the container
from the physical environment.
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/30/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.